Pathology is a division that deals with the study and diagnosis of disease through the examination of bodily fluids.
This is a department of the laboratory that deals with the measurement of chemicals (both natural and unnatural) in blood, urine and other body fluids. These test results are useful for detecting health problems, determining prognosis and guiding the therapy of a patient.
Some of the test done under this department includes:
Hematology is the study of blood, blood components and blood diseases.
Investigations carried out in this department checks for conditions such as low blood levels, increased blood level (polycythemia) and blood abnormalities (leukemia).
These investigations also help in determining infections and immunity status of a patient.
One of the most common hematology tests is the complete blood count, or CBC. This test is often conducted during a routine exam and can detect anemia, clotting problems, blood cancers, immune system disorders and infections.
Other hematology tests include:
• Blood chemistry test;
• Blood enzyme test;
• and blood tests to assess heart disease risk
This is a department that deals with the study of disease causing agents. These agents are called micro-organisms. There are four kinds of micro-organisms that cause infectious disease; bacteria, fungi, parasites and viruses.
If these agents are not detected on time in body fluids they can result in serious organ failures and breakdown of the body functions.
Investigations in this area include different kind of cultures and sensitivity test.
This department studies diseased cells and tissues. These study might require a minor collection of small tissues/ fluids to detect diseases or causes of diseases.
In this department we undertake studies of various kinds such as
- Paternity DNA Study
- Viral Load and various markers